India not part of IPEF’s trade pillar; broader consensus yet to emerge among nations
India has not agreed to the commitments of the trade pillar of the 14-member Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) as broader consensus has so far not emerged on certain issues like environment, labour and public procurement.
Briefing media after the conclusion of the two-day IPEF ministerial meet, commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal said that India would continue to engage with the trade track in the IPEF and will wait for the final contours to be decided on the trade pillar before it formally associates with that track.
“On one pillar which deals primarily with trade, the contours of the framework particularly, any commitments required on environment, labour, the digital trade, public procurement are certain areas in which a broader consensus has yet to emerge amongst all the nations.
“We have yet to see what benefits member countries will derive and whether any conditionalities on, for example, environment may discriminate against developing countries who have the imperative to provide low cost and affordable energy to meet the needs of a growing economy. We are also in the process of firming up our own digital framework and laws, particularly regarding privacy and data,” Goyal told reporters here.
All the other 13 Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for prosperity countries have joined the four pillars — trade, supply chains, clean economy, and fair economy.
A ministerial statement on three subjects — supply chains, clean economy, and fair economy — and a ministerial text on trade pillar was issued after the conclusion of the meeting.
While India was mentioned in three statements about supply chains, clean economy, and fair economy, there was no mention of India in the ministerial text about the trade pillar.
IPEF formation, structure
The IPEF was launched jointly by the US and other partner countries of the Indo-Pacific region on May 23 in Tokyo. The 14 IPEF partners represent 40 per cent of global GDP and 28 per cent of global goods and services trade.
The framework is structured around four pillars relating to trade, supply chains, clean economy, and fair economy.
Goyal also said that “India, while continuing to engage with the trade track in the IPEF, will wait for the final contours to be decided before we formally associate with the trade track”.
In the meantime, he said, Indian officials will be participating in the discussions with an open mind and in the best interests of the people and businesses of India.
More consultations needed
When asked about the key areas of concern, he said digital trade, linkage of environment and labour to trade and possible binding commitments of any nature juxtaposed with the benefits that India will receive as a developing economy.
“We believe that certain responsibilities of the developed world, the developed countries should also be an integral part of any such agreement. And that is a matter which will require deeper engagement and more consultation,” he added.
On all other three pillars related to supply chains, clean economy and fair economy, India is “very much” comfortable with the final outcome and text and “I have joined the ministerial declaration,” he said.
Further, he said that this is only the first ministerial declaration and all the countries should be complimented for the speed with which they have laid down the broad contours of future engagement.
“Never before in such multilateral engagements has one seen such speed which shows the commitment of all the 14 countries… And I am sure, together, this group of 14 countries will define the rules of trade amongst countries which believe in fair play and transparency, rules-based trading in the future,” Goyal said.
September 10, 2022